Caretaker Government

   A military-controlled government that assumed power on October 28, 1958, following the political confusion that resulted from the split of the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) into "Clean" and "Stable" factions earlier in the year. Prime Minister U Nu introduced a motion in parliament that General Ne Win, commander of the Tatmadaw, be offered the prime ministership for a six-month period to restore stability and create suitable conditions for holding a general election. Parliament subsequently extended his term for a longer period.
   Ne Win ordered the arrest of many politicians and took a hard line toward insurgents in the countryside. The power of civilian authorities on all levels of administration was drastically weakened, as military officers were placed in control of central and state/division government agencies. The army-owned Defence Services Institute, managed by the capable Brigadier Aung Gyi, expanded rapidly, taking over state-owned and even private enterprises. In Shan State, the hereditary rulers, sawbwa, relinquished the powers they had enjoyed under British rule. Throughout the country, the Tatmadaw established branches of the National Solidarity Association to promote security and social welfare.
   Although the restoration of law and order and greater government efficiency were widely appreciated, the Caretaker Government was much resented by poor people in Rangoon (Yangon), more than 170,000 of whom were victims of forced relocation to satellite towns. Many ethnic minority communities also feared and hated the military. The general elections held in February 1960 resulted in a victory for U Nu's Pyidaungsu (Union) Party, as the AFPFL Clean faction was later renamed, despite widespread army backing for the AFPFL Stable faction. Power was transferred without incident to the new government in April 1960. Many observers view the Caretaker Government as a dress rehearsal not only for the Revolutionary Council established in March 1962, but also for the September 1988 State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), because the latter depicted itself as a transitional administration and also promised to hold a election, which took place on May 27, 1990, with unexpected results. The Union Solidarity and Development Association, founded by the SLORC in the early 1990s, bears a strong resemblance to the National Solidarity Association.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • caretaker government — UK US noun [countable] [singular caretaker government plural caretaker governments] a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected Thesaurus: systems of government and types of government …   Useful english dictionary

  • caretaker government — caretaker ,government noun count a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Caretaker government — In politics, a caretaker government rules temporarily. A caretaker government is often set up following a war until stable democratic rule can be restored, or installed, in which case it is often referred to as a provisional government. In some… …   Wikipedia

  • caretaker government — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms caretaker government : singular caretaker government plural caretaker governments a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected …   English dictionary

  • caretaker government — (Politics) government that rules temporarily, temporary government (in many cases this type of government is established subsequent to a war until steady democratic rule is restored) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • caretaker government — noun (C) a government that has power only for a short period of time between the end of one government and the start of another …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Caretaker government of Australia — In Australia the term caretaker government is used to describe the government during a period that starts when the parliament is prorogued by the Governor General prior to a general election, and continues for a short period after the election,… …   Wikipedia

  • Caretaker government of Bangladesh — Infobox Political post post = Chief Adviser body = Bangladesh insignia = Prodhan upodeshta.jpg insigniasize = 75px insigniacaption = Caretaker Government of Bangladesh incumbent = Fakhruddin Ahmed incumbentsince = 13 January 2007 style = Chief… …   Wikipedia

  • Caretaker Government 1945 — The Caretaker Government 1945 was a United Kingdom Ministry, which held office from 23 May 1945 until 26 July 1945, during the latter stages of the Second World War. The head of the government was the Prime Minister since 1940, Winston Churchill… …   Wikipedia

  • Army backed caretaker Government — is firstly introduced in Bangladesh. But how much it followed to Bangladesh Constitution it is questionable. Bangladeshi peoples were accustomed to see that caretaker government for only 90 days. But this is first time they are facing experience… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.